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The Vapor Chamber

The world’s most powerful IT enclosure system, built for the Kinetic Edge.

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Highest Density

Over three hundred percent more space-efficient than a typical data center, the Vapor Chambers support 150 kW of critical IT load, which nets out to over 2,100 Watts per square foot.

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Edge-Ready

Vapor Chambers thrive in edge environments. Whether in equipment sheds at the base of cell towers or on rooftops in weatherproof enclosures, Vapor Chambers deliver efficiency, density and remote operation.

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Highly Automated

Built-in software for self-monitoring and API-driven control makes Vapor-enabled data centers highly-automated and capable of lights out remote operations as part of the Kinetic Edge.

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Hyper-Efficient

Greater utilization, higher density and automation significantly reduce your OPEX costs as a user of the Kinetic Edge. Operates at PUE 1.3 or better.

The Most Efficient Way to Build and Operate Edge Data Centers

The Vapor Chamber is a patented cylindrical enclosure system for IT equipment on the Kinetic Edge. It is designed to house equipment in a high-density way— 150 Kw of IT load (upwards of 15,000 CPU cores) in 9 feet diameter—and is tightly integrated with Vapor IO software for autonomic operation, remote lights out monitoring, and programmatic API control for Kinetic Edge tenants.

Cylinders, Not Rectangles

Traditional rectangular IT racks, with their back-to-back hot-aisle/cold-aisle arrangements, create challenges in the data center. As densities increase, they become difficult to cool and require elaborate engineering, duct systems, and containment walls to manage airflow, leading to expensive HVAC systems and difficult-to-detect airflow problems.

The design of the Vapor Chamber, in contrast, positions six IT racks in a circular pattern, creating a fully-contained “hot aisle” chimney at the core. A software-and-sensor-controlled 22,000 CFM fan expertly draws hot air from the racks to cool the equipment, routing the exhaust directly into the HVAC return plenum.

Engineered for the Edge

The Vapor Chamber radically improves upon the capital and operational costs of traditional data center racking systems, making it the most cost-effective way to deploy IT at the Kinetic Edge.

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Highly-Engineered

Designed using computational fluid dynamics and extensive field testing, the patented shape and air baffles of the Vapor Chamber, coupled with software that reacts to temperature and pressure sensors, ensures optimal airflow. Leveraging the Bernoulli principle and the Venturi effect, the Vapor Chamber evacuates hot air with maximum efficiency.

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Self-Contained and Self-Balancing

The pre-engineered and self-contained nature of the Vapor Chamber ensures predictable and reliable operation. The software-driven control system makes it possible to place the Vapor Chamber in a wide variety of operating environments, making it the most efficient way to deploy and operate Kinetic Edge sites.
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Sensorized and Self-Monitoring

Software in the Vapor Chamber continuously monitors over 90 sensors for environmental conditions, including pressure, temperature, and humidity. These readings are evaluated by software to provide for autonomic self-regulation, remote operations and API-driven control for the benefit of Kinetic Edge tenants.

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Autonomic

The unique airflow design and self-monitoring software in the Vapor Chamber automatically accommodates a wide variety of rack and equipment configurations. Even when racks are unevenly loaded, IT equipment is kept properly cooled. Regardless of the equipment density or cabinet load, the self-balancing nature of the Vapor Chamber ensures proper cooling.
Vapor Chamber Stats

Sensors per Chamber

Racks per Chamber

kW of Critical IT Load

Days to Deploy

How the Vapor Chamber Works

The Vapor Chamber is a patented system of hardware and software technologies developed by Vapor IO. It is a finely-tuned device for efficiently housing and cooling IT equipment.

Standing only 7 feet high, with a diameter of 9 feet, the Vapor Chamber can rest just as easily on a slab floor in an equipment room as it can in a traditional raised floor data center environment. It supports up to 150 kW of critical IT load, utilizing a 22,000 CFM software-controlled fan that cools equipment effectively by ejecting hot air air out of a central chimney at the top of the Chamber.

Wedge Racks

Each of the six wedge racks in a Vapor Chamber can accommodate 36 RU of equipment and up to 25 kW of IT load per rack.

The wedge rack supports IT equipment by providing power conversion, power rectification, power distribution and monitoring of rack-level temperature and differential pressure from front to rear of the cabinet. A highly-available software system provides for autonomic adjustments to the central fan as well as remote monitoring and control functions.

Each wedge rack floats on transfer bearings in the base, making it easy for a single technician to slide the racks out for maintenance and rear access.

Base Assembly

The base assembly of the Vapor Chamber anchors, locates and levels each of the wedge racks. The base is anchored to the floor and leveled to a single plane. Using transfer ball bearings recessed into the base, the wedge racks can be slid into place and locked using drop-in pins.

Central Exhaust Cell

The Central Exhaust Cell (CEC) attaches to the base assembly and acts as a heat evacuation chimney. A specialized fan in the upper chamber operates under software control and efficiently evacuates hot air out of the CEC and away from the 6 racks surrounding it. Swappable wall panels make it easy to blank off a rack position when a rack is removed or balance airflow with perforated panels. The CEC is also responsible for supporting the upper chamber.

Upper Chamber and Fan

The upper assembly at the top of the Vapor Chamber houses the exhaust fan. This fan, capable of moving 22,000+CFM of air, evacuates hot air out of the Central Exhaust Cell.

Temperature and pressure sensors inside the Vapor Chamber work in concert with software to maintain ideal air pressure differentials and optimally evacuate hot exhaust. The upper chamber also provides four 3 RU mini racks suitable for top of rack switches or other low-powered IT equipment.

Sensors

Temperature sensors installed along the entire height of the Vapor Chamber offer a real-time view of its thermal characteristics. Temperature sensors also monitor the exhaust air and, In advanced installations, sensor readings from individual motherboards of supported servers may be incorporated as well.

Airflow sensors monitor the velocity of exhaust air, and differential pressure sensors compare readings from outside the rack to readings between the rear of the rack and the CEC wall, informing algorithms for fan speed. Other sensors, such as humidity are present for safety.

Sensors in the Vapor Chamber are monitored continuously and software algorithms adjust the fan speed to equalize pressure and optimize cooling. Any sensor reading or combination of readings can be used to trigger actions, and all of the sensor readings can be queried remotely using the Synse API.

MANAGE & MONITOR

VAPOR EDGE PORTAL

Provides a web-based platform for planning and managing your Kinetic Edge deployments. This is your all-in-one tool for operating at the edge.

REMOTE HANDS

Use our Remote Hands service to send skilled personnel to any of our Kinetic Edge locations. Our technicians will perform remote work at your direction, whether it’s hand rebooting a machine or swapping out a server.

APIs

Monitor and control your equipment and its environment with our APIs. Build automated operational tools to troubleshoot and respond to real-time conditions. Integrate with tools such as Slack and PagerDuty to send alerts that flag irregularities to your team for analysis and response.

Vapor Chamber Specs

Form Factor Standard 19” Rack Compatible
Open19 Compatible
Height 36RU (Rack Units 19” x 1.75”)
Depth Total Equipment Depth: 37”
19” Front Rail to Back Rail Distance: 25.5”
Mobility (6) Heavy duty casters per Wedge Rack
Wedge Racks include slots for pallet jack forks
Empty Weight ~181kg (400 lbs.)
Additional Features Leveling, Alignment, and Weight Distributing Base
Cable Management and Quick Disconnect in Top for Power and Data
All Front-Side Serviceability
Floor Level Requirement Floor will require maximum ¼” level across 10’. Leveling feet adjust to 1” difference but will require the use of a pallet jack to install wedge racks.
Accepted Hardware All 19” Rackmount hardware with front to rear fan direction
Open19 Equipment
OCP Equipment
Rack Level/Monitoring/Control Vapor Edge Controller (VEC)
Input Requirements (6x) 3 Phase 400-415VAC 50/60 Hz with 60A breakers, 150kW total chamber max.
OR
(6x) 3 Phase 208VAC 50/60 Hz with 80A breakers
OR
(18x) Single Phase 208-240VAC 50/60 Hz with 60A breakers, 150kW total chamber max.
OR
(18x) Single Phase 90-140VAC 50/60 Hz with 60A breakers, 72kW total chamber max.
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Central fan requires 3 Phase 460-480V 50/60 Hz, 3 Phase 400-415VAC 50/60 Hz, 3 Phase 208VAC 50/60 Hz, or Single Phase 208-240VAC 50/60 Hz
Storage Temperature -40C (-40F) to +85C (185F)
Operational Temperature Rating -10C (14F) to +40C (104F)
Humidity Operating: 20-80% noncondensing
Non-operating: 5%-95% noncondensing
Spacing Clearance of 1.82m (4 ft.) on all sides
Noise Level Motor RPM dbA @ 3ft
100%: 90
75%: 83
50%: 72
25%: 65
Note: Noise level will decrease when installed in ductwork/HVAC system.

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